Pre-K and Kindergarten marks the end of the early childhood years and the last steps before entering the Elementary level. We focus a great deal on reading, writing and math.
Here language is taught phonetically and grammatically on a daily basis because as we all know English is not an easy language to learn. By years end, the children learn how to write sentences and the beginning of grammar such as articles, nouns and verbs, adverbs, etc.
The children in the Pre-K class are presented with all the basics of the four areas of the Montessori material as a refresher of all the instruction received during the primary class room years. Here, the instruction is more precise because at the age of four the process of auto education begins. If the child is left alone they will train themselves to observe and discover their own mistakes, to form judgments and finally to reason and choose.
The instruction and guidance must be refined because the child is now able to retain and understand everything that is being presented on a daily basis. The children in the Pre-K classroom must have some understanding of the cycle of work (beginning and end) as well as learning to focus and listen in preparation for the following year in Kindergarten.
In this area, exercises are designed to help the child develop his/her skills in health and hygiene, coordination movement, self confidence and discipline. The children are exposed to such activities as:
The Sensorial material allows the child to understand his environment through his senses. Each piece of material has one isolating quality such as color, weight, size, shape, texture, sound and smell. The exercises include:
The child is introduced to Math through the use of concrete to abstract. The following are the exercises in which the child learns the quantities and matching abstract symbols:
Many activities are designed to proceed naturally towards the development of skills for reading and writing. The child first learns the phonetic sounds of the letters which leads to building short phonetic words. The following exercises are included in language:
The children are introduced to cultural subjects which includes history, science, music and arts.